BLADDER CANCER

On July 30th, 2012, posted in: Blog by

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Urology Center in Maryland

Bladder cancer is although not very common but after prostate cancer, it is the most common cancer in the urinary tract. It is more common in men than women and usually happens after the age of 45 but have been seen in younger individuals as well. The bladder cancer has been attributed to chronic smoking and exposure to some chemicals that can create metabolites in the urine which irritate the bladder mucosa causing cancer. Cigarette smoking has been proven as the number one factor in producing bladder cancer. If an individual observes blood in their urine they should immediately get checked out by a urologist as this could be the first signs of the bladder cancer, another common symptom is frequent urination at night.

Bladder cancer has several stages; early stage I, II, III, and IV. In early stages, it could be easily treated by resecting and then contuing to be monitored every six months for any signs of recurrence. If not prevented and treated early then the treatment would need to be more aggressive and could require surgery. Yearly urine test checkups by laboratories is essential to check for any edvidence of red blood cells in the urine. This is the only way to catch the cancer at early stages of the disease and thus increasing the chances for treatment and prevention; this is especially imortant for individuals who are regular smokers. For further information please contact Germantown Urology Center at 301-428-3040

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BLOOD IN THE URINE

On July 30th, 2012, posted in: Blog by

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Germantown Urology Center, Maryland

Blood in the urine is not normal, when a physician or laboratory finds more than two red blood cells in the urine without any evidence of infection that alarms that urinary tract has  a disease. Disease can start from upper tract, kidney, ureter, bladder, and prostate all the way to tip of the penis. The kidney disease could be cancerous. It could be stone in the kidney. It could  be benign cyst or a variety of other diseases of the kidney that alarms the first signs of blood in the urine. That blood could not be seen first with the patient’s eyes; however laboratory can verify if there are too many red blood cells in the urine. If the patient does not pay attention to this important issue, it will progress to the sever degree of disease being cancer, or the enlargement of kidney stone in some cases.

In the ureter which carries urine from the kidney down to the bladder, there could be various diseases that can cause blood in the urine such as stone or cancer of the ureter, this is called hematuria. In early stages, few red blood cells will be seen in the urine and usually the patient does not notice it until it becomes progressive and causes bloody urine. Therefore, casuses cancer in the urinary tract from the kidney all the way to the bladder and also prostate cancer which could manifesf itself initially by blood in the urine. Other signs of prostate cancer could be, elevated PSA, troubled urination and urinary retention.

In brief a urinary tract from the top of the kidney to the tip of the penis is fundemental and a variety of issues from infection, stone, and cancer can create blood in the urine which is abnormal and should be immediately investigated. Fortunately, advances of technology in the field of urology have given us the tools identify these symptoms and treat them if caught in the early stages. If you have any further questions about blood in the urine, causes of it and treatment options call Germantown Urology Center at 301-428-3040 and make an appointments.

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